Pain Killers

What Are Pain Killers?

What Are Pain Killers? An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain. They are distinct from anesthetics, which temporarily affect, and in some instances completely eliminate, sensation.

Prescription painkillers are powerful drugs that interfere with the nervous system’s transmission of the nerve signals we perceive as pain. Most painkillers also stimulate portions of the brain associated with pleasure. Thus, in addition to blocking pain, they produce a “high.”

Type Of Pain Killers

Pain relievers are medicines that reduce or relieve headaches, sore muscles, arthritis, or other aches and pains. There are many different pain medicines, and each one has advantages and risks. Some types of pain respond better to certain medicines than others. Each person may also have a slightly different response to a pain reliever.

Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are good for many types of pain. There are two main types of OTC pain medicines: acetaminophen (Tylenol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Aspirin, naproxen (Aleve), and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) are examples of OTC NSAIDs.

If OTC medicines don’t relieve your pain, your doctor may prescribe something stronger. Many NSAIDs are also available at higher prescription doses. The most powerful pain relievers are opioids. They are very effective, but they can sometimes have serious side effects. There is also a risk of addiction. Because of the risks, you must use them only under a doctor’s supervision.

There are many things you can do to help ease pain. Pain relievers are just one part of a pain treatment plan.

  • Non-opioid painkillers – this includes paracetamol. Some of these are available over the counter from pharmacies and supermarkets. Other types need a prescription.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs – such as ibuprofen or naproxen. These are also known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs. Some of these can be bought over the counter, and some need a prescription.
  • Compound painkillers – this is when two different drugs are combined into one. This could be a painkiller with an NSAID, or an opioid painkiller with a non-opioid painkiller. An example is co-codamol, which combines paracetamol with codeine.
  • Opioid painkillers – such as codeine, tramadol and morphine. These are only available on prescription

MENTAL & PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF PAINKILLERS

  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Addiction
  • Unconsciousness
  • Respiratory depression
  • Increased risk of heart attack
  • Coma
  • Death
“Pretty much as long as I can remember I’ve had highs and lows. I would get easily upset by the littlest things, I would have anger outbursts, or hate someone for no reason at all. For a long while I had thought I was bipolar. I started using drugs last October to help me with my unwanted feelings. But believe it or not, it just made stuff worse! I had to now deal with my addiction and my emotional problems. non opiate pain killers

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