What Are Pain Killers
Prescription painkillers are powerful drugs that interfere with the nervous system’s transmission of the nerve signals we perceive as pain. Most painkillers also stimulate portions of the brain associated with pleasure. Thus, in addition to blocking pain, they produce a “high.”
Type Of Pain Killers
- Non-opioid painkillers – this includes paracetamol. Some of these are available over the counter from pharmacies and supermarkets. Other types need a prescription.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs – such as ibuprofen or naproxen. These are also known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs. Some of these can be bought over the counter, and some need a prescription.
- Compound painkillers – this is when two different drugs are combined into one. This could be a painkiller with an NSAID, or an opioid painkiller with a non-opioid painkiller. An example is co-codamol, which combines paracetamol with codeine.
- Opioid painkillers – such as codeine, tramadol and morphine. These are only available on prescription
MENTAL & PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF PAINKILLERS
- Respiratory depression
- Increased risk of heart attack